Events from Akka Persistence

A typical source for Projections is events stored with EventSourcedBehaviorEventSourcedBehavior in Akka Persistence. Events can be consumed in a Projection with eventsByTag or eventsBySlices queries.

Dependencies

The Akka dependencies are available from Akka’s library repository. To access them there, you need to configure the URL for this repository.

sbt
resolvers += "Akka library repository".at("https://repo.akka.io/maven")
Maven
<project>
  ...
  <repositories>
    <repository>
      <id>akka-repository</id>
      <name>Akka library repository</name>
      <url>https://repo.akka.io/maven</url>
    </repository>
  </repositories>
</project>
Gradle
repositories {
    mavenCentral()
    maven {
        url "https://repo.akka.io/maven"
    }
}

To use the Event Sourced module of Akka Projections add the following dependency in your project:

sbt
libraryDependencies += "com.lightbend.akka" %% "akka-projection-eventsourced" % "1.5.2"
Maven
<properties>
  <scala.binary.version>2.13</scala.binary.version>
</properties>
<dependencies>
  <dependency>
    <groupId>com.lightbend.akka</groupId>
    <artifactId>akka-projection-eventsourced_${scala.binary.version}</artifactId>
    <version>1.5.2</version>
  </dependency>
</dependencies>
Gradle
def versions = [
  ScalaBinary: "2.13"
]
dependencies {
  implementation "com.lightbend.akka:akka-projection-eventsourced_${versions.ScalaBinary}:1.5.2"
}

Akka Projections require Akka 2.9.1 or later, see Akka version.

Project Info: Akka Projections Eventsourced
Artifact
com.lightbend.akka
akka-projection-eventsourced
1.5.2
JDK versions
Eclipse Temurin JDK 11
Eclipse Temurin JDK 17
Scala versions2.13.12, 3.3.1
JPMS module nameakka.projection.eventsourced
License
Readiness level
Since 1.0.0, 2020-09-10
Home pagehttps://akka.io
API documentation
Forums
Release notesGitHub releases
IssuesGitHub issues
Sourceshttps://github.com/akka/akka-projection

Transitive dependencies

The table below shows akka-projection-eventsourced’s direct dependencies and the second tab shows all libraries it depends on transitively.

Direct dependencies
OrganizationArtifactVersion
com.lightbend.akkaakka-projection-core_2.131.5.2
com.typesafe.akkaakka-persistence-query_2.132.9.1
org.scala-langscala-library2.13.12
Dependency tree
com.lightbend.akka    akka-projection-core_2.13    1.5.2
    com.typesafe.akka    akka-actor-typed_2.13    2.9.1    BUSL-1.1
        com.typesafe.akka    akka-actor_2.13    2.9.1    BUSL-1.1
            com.typesafe    config    1.4.3    Apache-2.0
            org.scala-lang.modules    scala-java8-compat_2.13    1.0.2    Apache-2.0
                org.scala-lang    scala-library    2.13.12    Apache-2.0
            org.scala-lang    scala-library    2.13.12    Apache-2.0
        com.typesafe.akka    akka-slf4j_2.13    2.9.1    BUSL-1.1
            com.typesafe.akka    akka-actor_2.13    2.9.1    BUSL-1.1
                com.typesafe    config    1.4.3    Apache-2.0
                org.scala-lang.modules    scala-java8-compat_2.13    1.0.2    Apache-2.0
                    org.scala-lang    scala-library    2.13.12    Apache-2.0
                org.scala-lang    scala-library    2.13.12    Apache-2.0
            org.scala-lang    scala-library    2.13.12    Apache-2.0
            org.slf4j    slf4j-api    1.7.36
        org.scala-lang    scala-library    2.13.12    Apache-2.0
        org.slf4j    slf4j-api    1.7.36
    com.typesafe.akka    akka-persistence-query_2.13    2.9.1    BUSL-1.1
        com.typesafe.akka    akka-persistence_2.13    2.9.1    BUSL-1.1
            com.typesafe.akka    akka-actor_2.13    2.9.1    BUSL-1.1
                com.typesafe    config    1.4.3    Apache-2.0
                org.scala-lang.modules    scala-java8-compat_2.13    1.0.2    Apache-2.0
                    org.scala-lang    scala-library    2.13.12    Apache-2.0
                org.scala-lang    scala-library    2.13.12    Apache-2.0
            com.typesafe.akka    akka-stream_2.13    2.9.1    BUSL-1.1
                com.typesafe.akka    akka-actor_2.13    2.9.1    BUSL-1.1
                    com.typesafe    config    1.4.3    Apache-2.0
                    org.scala-lang.modules    scala-java8-compat_2.13    1.0.2    Apache-2.0
                        org.scala-lang    scala-library    2.13.12    Apache-2.0
                    org.scala-lang    scala-library    2.13.12    Apache-2.0
                com.typesafe.akka    akka-protobuf-v3_2.13    2.9.1    BUSL-1.1
                org.reactivestreams    reactive-streams    1.0.4    MIT-0
                org.scala-lang    scala-library    2.13.12    Apache-2.0
            org.scala-lang    scala-library    2.13.12    Apache-2.0
        com.typesafe.akka    akka-protobuf-v3_2.13    2.9.1    BUSL-1.1
        com.typesafe.akka    akka-stream_2.13    2.9.1    BUSL-1.1
            com.typesafe.akka    akka-actor_2.13    2.9.1    BUSL-1.1
                com.typesafe    config    1.4.3    Apache-2.0
                org.scala-lang.modules    scala-java8-compat_2.13    1.0.2    Apache-2.0
                    org.scala-lang    scala-library    2.13.12    Apache-2.0
                org.scala-lang    scala-library    2.13.12    Apache-2.0
            com.typesafe.akka    akka-protobuf-v3_2.13    2.9.1    BUSL-1.1
            org.reactivestreams    reactive-streams    1.0.4    MIT-0
            org.scala-lang    scala-library    2.13.12    Apache-2.0
        org.scala-lang    scala-library    2.13.12    Apache-2.0
    com.typesafe.akka    akka-protobuf-v3_2.13    2.9.1    BUSL-1.1
    com.typesafe.akka    akka-stream_2.13    2.9.1    BUSL-1.1
        com.typesafe.akka    akka-actor_2.13    2.9.1    BUSL-1.1
            com.typesafe    config    1.4.3    Apache-2.0
            org.scala-lang.modules    scala-java8-compat_2.13    1.0.2    Apache-2.0
                org.scala-lang    scala-library    2.13.12    Apache-2.0
            org.scala-lang    scala-library    2.13.12    Apache-2.0
        com.typesafe.akka    akka-protobuf-v3_2.13    2.9.1    BUSL-1.1
        org.reactivestreams    reactive-streams    1.0.4    MIT-0
        org.scala-lang    scala-library    2.13.12    Apache-2.0
    org.scala-lang    scala-library    2.13.12    Apache-2.0
com.typesafe.akka    akka-persistence-query_2.13    2.9.1    BUSL-1.1
    com.typesafe.akka    akka-persistence_2.13    2.9.1    BUSL-1.1
        com.typesafe.akka    akka-actor_2.13    2.9.1    BUSL-1.1
            com.typesafe    config    1.4.3    Apache-2.0
            org.scala-lang.modules    scala-java8-compat_2.13    1.0.2    Apache-2.0
                org.scala-lang    scala-library    2.13.12    Apache-2.0
            org.scala-lang    scala-library    2.13.12    Apache-2.0
        com.typesafe.akka    akka-stream_2.13    2.9.1    BUSL-1.1
            com.typesafe.akka    akka-actor_2.13    2.9.1    BUSL-1.1
                com.typesafe    config    1.4.3    Apache-2.0
                org.scala-lang.modules    scala-java8-compat_2.13    1.0.2    Apache-2.0
                    org.scala-lang    scala-library    2.13.12    Apache-2.0
                org.scala-lang    scala-library    2.13.12    Apache-2.0
            com.typesafe.akka    akka-protobuf-v3_2.13    2.9.1    BUSL-1.1
            org.reactivestreams    reactive-streams    1.0.4    MIT-0
            org.scala-lang    scala-library    2.13.12    Apache-2.0
        org.scala-lang    scala-library    2.13.12    Apache-2.0
    com.typesafe.akka    akka-protobuf-v3_2.13    2.9.1    BUSL-1.1
    com.typesafe.akka    akka-stream_2.13    2.9.1    BUSL-1.1
        com.typesafe.akka    akka-actor_2.13    2.9.1    BUSL-1.1
            com.typesafe    config    1.4.3    Apache-2.0
            org.scala-lang.modules    scala-java8-compat_2.13    1.0.2    Apache-2.0
                org.scala-lang    scala-library    2.13.12    Apache-2.0
            org.scala-lang    scala-library    2.13.12    Apache-2.0
        com.typesafe.akka    akka-protobuf-v3_2.13    2.9.1    BUSL-1.1
        org.reactivestreams    reactive-streams    1.0.4    MIT-0
        org.scala-lang    scala-library    2.13.12    Apache-2.0
    org.scala-lang    scala-library    2.13.12    Apache-2.0
org.scala-lang    scala-library    2.13.12    Apache-2.0

SourceProvider for eventsByTag

A SourceProviderSourceProvider defines the source of the event envelopes that the Projection will process. A SourceProvider for the eventsByTag query can be defined with the EventSourcedProviderEventSourcedProvider like this:

Scala
sourceimport akka.projection.eventsourced.EventEnvelope
import akka.persistence.cassandra.query.scaladsl.CassandraReadJournal
import akka.persistence.query.Offset
import akka.projection.eventsourced.scaladsl.EventSourcedProvider
import akka.projection.scaladsl.SourceProvider

val sourceProvider: SourceProvider[Offset, EventEnvelope[ShoppingCart.Event]] =
  EventSourcedProvider
    .eventsByTag[ShoppingCart.Event](system, readJournalPluginId = CassandraReadJournal.Identifier, tag = "carts-1")
Java
sourceimport akka.persistence.cassandra.query.javadsl.CassandraReadJournal;
import akka.persistence.query.Offset;
import akka.projection.eventsourced.EventEnvelope;
import akka.projection.eventsourced.javadsl.EventSourcedProvider;
import akka.projection.javadsl.SourceProvider;

SourceProvider<Offset, EventEnvelope<ShoppingCart.Event>> sourceProvider =
    EventSourcedProvider.eventsByTag(system, CassandraReadJournal.Identifier(), "carts-1");

This example is using the Cassandra plugin for Akka Persistence, but same code can be used for other Akka Persistence plugins by replacing the CassandraReadJournal.Identifier. For example the JDBC plugin can be used. You will use the same plugin as you have configured for the write side that is used by the EventSourcedBehavior.

This source is consuming all events from the ShoppingCart EventSourcedBehavior that are tagged with "cart-1".

The tags are assigned as described in Tagging Events in EventSourcedBehavior.

The EventEnvelope[ShoppingCart.Event]EventEnvelope<ShoppingCart.Event> is what the Projection handler will process. It contains the Event and additional meta data, such as the offset that will be stored by the Projection. See EventEnvelopeEventEnvelope for full details of what the envelope contains.

SourceProvider for eventsBySlices

A SourceProviderSourceProvider defines the source of the event envelopes that the Projection will process. A SourceProvider for the eventsBySlices query can be defined with the EventSourcedProviderEventSourcedProvider like this:

Scala
sourceimport akka.persistence.query.typed.EventEnvelope
import akka.persistence.query.Offset
import akka.projection.eventsourced.scaladsl.EventSourcedProvider
import akka.projection.scaladsl.SourceProvider

// Slit the slices into 4 ranges
val numberOfSliceRanges: Int = 4
val sliceRanges = EventSourcedProvider.sliceRanges(system, R2dbcReadJournal.Identifier, numberOfSliceRanges)

// Example of using the first slice range
val minSlice: Int = sliceRanges.head.min
val maxSlice: Int = sliceRanges.head.max
val entityType: String = "ShoppingCart"

val sourceProvider: SourceProvider[Offset, EventEnvelope[ShoppingCart.Event]] =
  EventSourcedProvider
    .eventsBySlices[ShoppingCart.Event](
      system,
      readJournalPluginId = R2dbcReadJournal.Identifier,
      entityType,
      minSlice,
      maxSlice)
Java
sourceimport akka.japi.Pair;
import akka.persistence.query.Offset;
import akka.persistence.query.typed.EventEnvelope;
import akka.projection.eventsourced.javadsl.EventSourcedProvider;
import akka.projection.javadsl.SourceProvider;

// Slit the slices into 4 ranges
int numberOfSliceRanges = 4;
List<Pair<Integer, Integer>> sliceRanges =
    EventSourcedProvider.sliceRanges(
        system, R2dbcReadJournal.Identifier(), numberOfSliceRanges);

// Example of using the first slice range
int minSlice = sliceRanges.get(0).first();
int maxSlice = sliceRanges.get(0).second();
String entityType = "MyEntity";

SourceProvider<Offset, EventEnvelope<ShoppingCart.Event>> sourceProvider =
    EventSourcedProvider.eventsBySlices(
        system, R2dbcReadJournal.Identifier(), entityType, minSlice, maxSlice);

This example is using the R2DBC plugin for Akka Persistence. You will use the same plugin as you have configured for the write side that is used by the EventSourcedBehavior.

This source is consuming all events from the ShoppingCart EventSourcedBehavior for the given slice range. In a production application, you would need to start as many instances as the number of slice ranges. That way you consume the events from all entities.

The EventEnvelope[ShoppingCart.Event]EventEnvelope<ShoppingCart.Event> is what the Projection handler will process. It contains the Event and additional meta data, such as the offset that will be stored by the Projection. See EventEnvelopeEventEnvelope for full details of what the envelope contains.

SourceProvider for eventsBySlicesStartingFromSnapshots

The Projection can use snapshots as starting points and thereby reducing number of events that have to be loaded. This can be useful if the consumer start from zero without any previously processed offset or if it has been disconnected for a long while and its offset is far behind.

You need to define the snapshot to event transformation function in EventSourcedProvider.eventsBySlicesStartingFromSnapshots.

The underlying read journal must implement EventsBySliceStartingFromSnapshotsQueryEventsBySliceStartingFromSnapshotsQuery. See how to enable eventsBySlicesStartingFromSnapshots in Akka Persistence R2DBC.

Many Projections

EventsBySliceFirehoseQueryEventsBySliceFirehoseQuery can give better scalability when many consumers retrieve the same events, for example many Projections of the same entity type. The purpose is to share the stream of events from the database and fan out to connected consumer streams. Thereby fewer queries and loading of events from the database.

EventsBySliceFirehoseQuery is used in place of EventsBySliceQuery with the EventSourcedProvider.

It is typically used together with Sharded Daemon Process with colocated processes.

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