Packages

  • package root
    Definition Classes
    root
  • package akka
    Definition Classes
    root
  • package actor
    Definition Classes
    akka
  • package agent
    Definition Classes
    akka
  • package annotation
    Definition Classes
    akka
  • package camel
    Definition Classes
    akka
  • package cluster
    Definition Classes
    akka
  • package contrib
    Definition Classes
    akka
  • package coordination
    Definition Classes
    akka
  • package discovery
    Definition Classes
    akka
  • package dispatch
    Definition Classes
    akka
  • package event
    Definition Classes
    akka
  • package io
    Definition Classes
    akka
  • package japi
    Definition Classes
    akka
  • package osgi
    Definition Classes
    akka
  • package pattern

    This package is used as a collection point for usage patterns which involve actors, futures, etc.

    Commonly Used Patterns With Akka

    This package is used as a collection point for usage patterns which involve actors, futures, etc. but are loosely enough coupled to (multiple of) them to present them separately from the core implementation. Currently supported are:

    • ask: create a temporary one-off actor for receiving a reply to a message and complete a scala.concurrent.Future with it; returns said Future.
    • pipeTo: feed eventually computed value of a future to an akka.actor.ActorRef as a message.
    • pipeToSelection: feed eventually computed value of a future to an akka.actor.ActorSelection as a message.

    In Scala the recommended usage is to import the pattern from the package object:

    import akka.pattern.ask
    
    ask(actor, message) // use it directly
    actor ask message   // use it by implicit conversion

    For Java the patterns are available as static methods of the akka.pattern.Patterns class:

    import static akka.pattern.Patterns.ask;
    
    ask(actor, message);
    Definition Classes
    akka
  • package persistence
    Definition Classes
    akka
  • package remote
    Definition Classes
    akka
  • package routing
    Definition Classes
    akka
  • package serialization
    Definition Classes
    akka
  • package stream
    Definition Classes
    akka
  • package actor
  • package extra
  • package impl

    The architecture of Akka Streams internally consists of several distinct layers:

    The architecture of Akka Streams internally consists of several distinct layers:

    * The DSLs like akka.stream.scaladsl.Flow, akka.stream.scaladsl.Source etc. are the user facing API for composing streams. These DSLs are a thin wrappers around the internal akka.stream.impl.TraversalBuilder builder classes. There are Java alternatives of these DSLs in javadsl which basically wrap their scala counterpart, delegating method calls. * The akka.stream.stage.GraphStage API is the user facing API for creating new stream operators. These classes are used by the akka.stream.impl.fusing.GraphInterpreter which executes islands (subgraphs) of these operators * The high level DSLs use the akka.stream.impl.TraversalBuilder classes to build instances of akka.stream.impl.Traversal which are the representation of a materializable stream description. These builders are immutable and safely shareable. Unlike the top-level DSLs, these are untyped, i.e. elements are treated as Any. * The akka.stream.impl.Traversal is the immutable, efficient representation of a stream processing graph that can be materialized. The builders exists solely for the purpose of producing a traversal in the end. * The akka.stream.impl.PhasedFusingActorMaterializer is the class that is responsible for traversing and interpreting a akka.stream.impl.Traversal. It delegates the actual task of creating executable entities and Publishers/Producers to akka.stream.impl.PhaseIslands which are plugins that understand atomic operators in the graph and able to turn them into executable entities. * The akka.stream.impl.fusing.GraphInterpreter and its actor backed wrapper akka.stream.impl.fusing.ActorGraphInterpreter are used to execute synchronous islands (subgraphs) of akka.stream.stage.GraphStages.

    For the execution layer, refer to akka.stream.impl.fusing.GraphInterpreter.

    Design goals

    The central piece for both the DSLs and materialization is the akka.stream.impl.Traversal. This is the representation of an Akka Stream, basically a akka.stream.scaladsl.RunnableGraph. The design goals for akka.stream.impl.Traversal are:

    * Be able to materialize a graph in one pass over the traversal * Unify materialization and fusing. The materializer should be able to construct all the necessary data structures for the interpreters and for connecting them in one go. * Avoid allocations as much as possible. * Biased implementation for the 90% case. Common cases should be as fast as possible: * wiring linear chains should be very fast. * assume that most graphs are mostly linear, with only a few generalized graph constructs thrown in. * materialization should not pay the price of island tracking if there is only a single island * assume that the number of islands is low in general * avoid "copiedModule" i.e. wrappers that exist solely for the purpose of establishing new port identities for operators that are used multiple times in the same graph. * Avoid hashmaps and prefer direct array lookup wherever possible

    Semantically, a traversal is a list of commands that the materializer must execute to turn the description to a running stream. In fact, the traversal is nothing more than an immutable list, that is expressed as a tree. A tree is used to make immutable appends fast (immutable lists only have prepend as O(1) operation, append is O(N)). The materializer "recovers" the original sequence by using a local, mutable stack to properly traverse the tree structure. This is way cheaper than to immutably append to the traversal at each addition.

    The "tree-ness" is expressed by explicit akka.stream.impl.Concat nodes that express that two traversals need to be traversed in a certain sequence, stashing away the second on a local stack until the first is fully traversed.

    While traversing the traversal (basically following Concat nodes), the materializer will visit the following command types:

    * akka.stream.impl.MaterializeAtomic: An atomic module needs to be materialized. This node also contains wiring information which we discuss later. * Materialized value computation. This is a stack based "sublanguage" to compute the final materialized value on a stack, maintained by the materializer * akka.stream.impl.PushNotUsed push a NotUsed value on the stack * akka.stream.impl.Pop pop the top of the stack and throw away * akka.stream.impl.Transform take the top of the stack, transform it with the provided function and put the result back on the top of the stack * akka.stream.impl.Compose take the top two values of the stack, invoke the provided function with these values as arguments, then put the calculated value on the top of the stack * Materialized values of atomic operators when visiting a akka.stream.impl.MaterializeAtomic must be pushed to the stack automatically. There are no explicit PUSH commands for this * Attributes calculation. These also are a stack language, although much simpler than the materialized value commands. For any materialized operator, the top of the attributes stack should be provided as the current effective attributes. * akka.stream.impl.PushAttributes combines the attributes on the top of the stack with the given ones and puts the result on the attributes stack * akka.stream.impl.PopAttributes removes the top of the attributes stack. * Island tracking. Islands serve two purposes. First, they allow a large graph to be cut into parts that execute concurrently with each other, using asynchronous message passing between themselves. Second, they are an extension point where "plugins" (akka.stream.impl.PhaseIsland) can be used to specially handle subgraphs. Islands can be nested in each other. This makes "holes" in the parent island. Islands also need a stack as exiting a "hole" means returning to the parent, enclosing island and continuing where left. * akka.stream.impl.EnterIsland instructs the materializer that the following commands will belong to the materialization of a new island (a subgraph). The akka.stream.impl.IslandTag signals to the materializer which akka.stream.impl.PhaseIsland should be used to turn operators of this island into executable entities. * akka.stream.impl.ExitIsland instructs the materializer that the current island is done and the parent island is now the active one again.

    Please note that the stack based materialized value computation eliminates the issues present in the older materializer which expressed these computations as an AST. We had to use optimizations for this tree so that long Keep.left chains don't explode the stack visiting a large AST. The stack based language sidesteps this issue completely as the number of these commands don't increase the stack space required to execute them, unless the computation itself requires it (which is not the case in any sane stream combination).

    Graph model, offsets, slots

    As a mental model, the wiring part of the Traversal (i.e. excluding the stack based sub-commands tracking materialized values, attributes, islands, i.e. things that don't contribute to the wiring structure of the graph) translates everything to a single, global, contiguous Array. Every input and output port of each operator is mapped to exactly one slot of this "mental array". Input and output ports that are considered wired together simply map to the same slot. (In practice, these slots might not be mapped to an actual global array, but multiple local arrays using some translation logic, but we will explain this later)

    Input ports are mapped simply to contiguous numbers in the order they are visited. Take for example a simple traversal:

    Operator1[in1, in2, out] - Operator2[out] - Operator3[in]

    This results in the following slot assignments:

    * Operator1.in1 -> 0 * Operator1.in2 -> 1 * Operator3.in -> 2

    The materializer simply visits Stage1, Stage2, Stage3 in order, visiting the input ports of each operator in order. It then simply assigns numbers from a counter that is incremented after visiting an input port. (Please note that all akka.stream.impl.StreamLayout.AtomicModules maintain a stable order of their ports, so this global ordering is well defined)

    Before explaining how output wiring works, it is important to settle some terminology. When we talk about ports we refer to their location in the "mental array" as slots. However, there are other entities that needs to reference various positions in this "mental array", but in these cases we use the term _offset_ to signify that these are only used for bookkeeping, they have no "place" in the "array" themselves. In particular:

    * offset of a module: The offset of an akka.stream.impl.StreamLayout.AtomicModule is defined as the value of the input port counter when visiting the akka.stream.impl.MaterializeAtomic node to materialize that module. In other words, the offset of a module is the slot of its first input port (if there is any). Since modules might not have any input ports it can be that different modules share the same offset, simply because the the first one visited does not increase the input port counter. * offset of segments, islands: Defined similarly to module. The offset of an island or a segment is simply the value of the input port counter (or the first unallocated slot).

    For example:

    Module1[in1 = 0, in2 = 1] - Module2[out] - Module3[in = 2]

    The offset of Module1 is 0, while Module2 and Module3 share the same offset of 2. Note that only input ports (slots) contribute to the offset of a module in a traversal.

    Output ports are wired relative to the offset of the module they are contained in. When the materializer visits a akka.stream.impl.MaterializeAtomic node, it contains an Array that maps ports to a relative offset. To calculate the slot that is assigned to an output port the following formula is used:

    slot = offsetOfModule + outToSlots(out.id)

    Where outToSlots is the array contained in the akka.stream.impl.MaterializeAtomic node.

    Relative addressing

    The power of this structure comes from the fact that slots are assigned in a relative manner:

    * input ports are assigned in sequence so the slots assigned to the input ports of a subgraph depend on the subgraph's position in the traversal * output ports are assigned relative to the offset of their owner module, which is in turn relative to its first (potential) input port (which is relative, too, because of the previous point)

    This setup allows combining subgraphs without touching their internal wirings as all their internal wirings will properly resolve due to everything being relative:

    +---------------+ +----+ | | | | |---------Graph1---------|--- .... ---|----Graph2----|

    It is important to note that due to reusability, an Akka Stream graph may contain the same atomic or composite multiple times in the same graph. Since these must be distinguished from each other somehow, they need port mapping (i.e. a new set of ports) to ensure that the ports of one graph are distinguishable from another. Because how the traversal relative addressing works, these are _temporary_ though, once all internal wirings are ready, these mappings can be effectively dropped as the global slot assignments uniquely identify what is wired to what. For example since Graph1 is visited before Graph2 all of the slots or offsets it uses are different from Graph2 leaving no room for misinterpretation.

    Port mapping

    Port mapping is the way how the DSL can distinguish between multiple instances of the same graph included multiple times. For example in the Graph DSL:

    val merge1 = builder.add(Merge) val merge2 = builder.add(Merge)

    the port merge1.out must be different from merge2.out.

    For efficiency reasons, the linear and graph DSLs use different akka.stream.impl.TraversalBuilder types to build the akka.stream.impl.Traversal (we will discuss these next). One of the differences between the two builders are their approach to port mapping.

    The simpler case is the akka.stream.impl.LinearTraversalBuilder. This builder only allows building linear chains of operators, hence, it can only have at most one OutPort and InPort unwired. Since there is no possible ambiguity between these two port types, there is no need for port mapping for these. Conversely, for those internal ports that are already wired, there is no need for port mapping as their relative wiring is not ambiguous (see previous section). As a result, the akka.stream.impl.LinearTraversalBuilder does not use any port mapping.

    The generic graph builder class akka.stream.impl.CompositeTraversalBuilder needs port mapping as it allows adding any kind of builders in any order. When adding a module (encoded as another akka.stream.impl.TraversalBuilder) there are two entities in play:

    * The module (builder) to be added. This builder has a few ports unwired which are usually packaged in a Shape which is stored alongside with the builder in the Graph of the DSL. When invoking methods on this builder these set of ports must be used. * The module that we are growing. This module needs a new set of ports to be used as it might add this module multiple times and needs to disambiguate these ports.

    Adding to the akka.stream.impl.CompositeTraversalBuilder involves the following steps (pseudocode):

    val newShape = shape.deepCopy() // Copy the shape of the module we want to add val newBuilder = builder.add(submodule, newShape) // Add the module, and register it with the new shape newBuilder.wire(newShape.in, ...) // Use the new ports to wire

    What happens in the background is that Shape.deepCopy() creates copies of the ports, and fills their mappedTo field to point to their original port counterpart. Whenever we call wire in the outer module, it delegates calls to the submodule, but using the original port (as the submodule builder has no knowledge of the external mapping):

    submodule.assign(port.mappedTo, ...) // enclosing module delegating to submodule, translating ports back

    Visualizing this relationship:

    +----------------------------------+ | in', in" ---------+ | in' and in" both resolve to in | | .mappedTo v .mappedTo | but they will be used on _different_ builders | +-------------+ +-------------+ | | | in | | in | | (delegation happens recursively in AddedModule) | | AddedModule | | AddedModule | |

    It is worth to note that the submodule might also continue this map-and-delegate chain to further submodules until a builder is reached that can directly perform the operation. In other words, the depth of nesting is equal to the length of mappedTo chaining.

    IMPORTANT: When wiring in the enclosing module the new ports/shape MUST be used, using the original ports/shape will lead to incorrect state.

    TraversalBuilders

    In order to understand why builders are needed, consider wiring two ports together. Actually, we don't need to wire input ports anywhere. Their slot is implicitly assigned by their position in the traversal, there is no additional state we need to track. On the other hand, we cannot build a akka.stream.impl.MaterializeAtomic node until the mapping array outToSlots is fully calculated. In other words, in reality, we don't wire input ports anywhere, we only assign output ports to slots. The builders exist mainly to keep track all the necessary information to be able to assign output ports, build the outToSlots array and finally the akka.stream.impl.MaterializeAtomic node. The consequence of this that a akka.stream.impl.Traversal can be constructed as soon as all output ports are wired ("unwired" inputs don't matter).

    There is a specific builder that is used for the cases where all outputs have been wired: akka.stream.impl.CompletedTraversalBuilder. This builder type simply contains the completed traversal plus some additional data. The reason why this builder type exists is to keep auxiliary data structures required for output port mapping only while they are needed, and shed them as soon as they are not needed anymore. Since builders may recursively contain other builders, as soon as internals are completed those contained builders transition to completed state and drop all additional data structures. This is very GC friendly as many intermediate graphs exist only in a method call, and hence most of the additional data structures are dropped before method return and can be efficiently collected by the GC.

    The most generic builder is akka.stream.impl.CompositeTraversalBuilder. There are two main considerations this builder needs to consider:

    * Enclosed modules (builders) must have a stable position in the final traversal for relative addressing to work. Since module offsets are calculated by traversal position, and outputs are wired relative to module offset, this is critical. * Enclosed builders might not be complete yet (i.e. have unwired outputs) and hence they cannot immediately give a Traversal.

    The composite builder keeps a temporary list of traversal steps (in reverse order because of immutable lists) it needs to create once it is completed (all outputs wired). These steps refer to the traversal of submodules as a akka.stream.impl.BuilderKey which is just a placeholder where the traversal of the submodule will be stitched in. This akka.stream.impl.BuilderKey is also a key to a map which contains the evolving builder. The importance of this "preimage" traversal is that it keeps position of submodules stable, making relative addressing possible.

    Once the composite is completed, it takes these steps (now reversing it back to normal), and builds the traversal using the submodule traversals referred to by akka.stream.impl.BuilderKey. Note that at this point all the submodules are akka.stream.impl.CompletedTraversalBuilders because there are no unwired outputs and hence the Traversal can be assembled. As the builder evolves over time, more and more of its akka.stream.impl.BuilderKeys will refer to akka.stream.impl.CompletedTraversalBuilders, shedding much of the temporary data structures.

    Refer to akka.stream.impl.CompositeTraversalBuilder for more details.

    The akka.stream.impl.LinearTraversalBuilder is a much simpler beast. For efficiency, it tries to work as much as possible directly on the akka.stream.impl.Traversal avoiding auxiliary structures. The two main considerations for this builder are:

    * akka.stream.scaladsl.Source and akka.stream.scaladsl.Flow contain an unwired output port. Yet, we would like to build the traversal directly as much as possible, even though the builder is not yet completed * akka.stream.impl.CompositeTraversalBuilders might be included in a linear chain. These cannot provide a traversal before they are fully completed.

    The linear builder, although it is one class, comes in basically two flavors:

    * Purely linear builder: this contains only other linear builders, or all the composites that it includes have been fully wired before and hence their traversal is now fully incorporated. Basically this kind of builder only contains the akka.stream.impl.Traversal and only a couple of extra fields. * Linear builder with an incomplete composite at the end (output): In this case, we have an incomplete composite. It can only be at the end, since this is the only position where an output port can be unwired. We need to carry this builder with us until the output port is finally wired, in which case we incorporate its traversal into the already complete one, and hopefully transition to a purely linear builder.

    If we consider the purely linear case, we still need to figure out how can we provide a traversal even though the last output port is unwired. The trick that is used is to wire this output port optimistically to the relative address -1 which is almost always correct (why -1? explained a bit later). If it turns out to be incorrect later, we fix it by the helper method akka.stream.impl.Traversal.rewireFirstTo() which tears down the traversal until the wrong module is found, then fixes the port assignment. This is only possible on purely linear layouts though. Again, this is an example of the 90% rule. Most appends will not need this rewiring and hence be as fast as possible while the rarer cases suffering a minor penalty.

    In the case where the last module is a composite, the above trick would not work as nothing guarantees that the module that exposed its output port is at an expected position in the traversal. Instead, we simply keep around this composite and delay construction of its part of the traversal. For details see akka.stream.impl.LinearTraversalBuilder as these cases are heavily commented and explained in the code.

    There is another peculiarity of the linear builder we need to explain. Namely, it builds the traversal in reverse order, i.e. from Sinks towards Sources. THIS CAN BE SUPER CONFUSING AT TIMES SO PAY ATTENTION! There are two important reasons why this is needed:

    * Prepending to immutable lists is more efficient. Even though we encode our traversal list as a tree, we would need stack space at materialization time as much as the length of the list if we would append to it instead of prepending. * Prepending means that most output ports refer to slots visited before, i.e. output relative offsets are negative. This means that during materialization, output ports will be wired to slots that the materializer visited before which enables an efficient one-pass materialization design. The importance of this is discussed later below.

    To visualize this, imagine a simple stream:

    [Source.out] -> [Map.in, Map.out] -> [Sink.in]

    The traversal:

    offs = 0 offs = 1 offs = 1 [Sink.in = 0] <- [Map.in = 1, Map.out = -1] <- [Source.out = -1]

    Since the traversal steps are reversed compared to the DSL order, it is important to reverse materialized value computation, too.

    Islands and local slots

    All what we have discussed so far referred to the "mental array", the global address space in which slots are assigned to ports. This model describes the wiring of the graph perfectly, but it does not map to the local data structures needed by materialization when there are islands present. One of the important goals of this layout data structure is to be able to produce the data structures used by the akka.stream.impl.fusing.GraphInterpreter directly, without much translation. Unfortunately if there is an island inside a traversal, it might leave gaps in the address space:

    |----Island1-----|----Island2(enclosed)----|-----Island1-----|

    Since we visit Island2 before returning to Island1, the naive approach would leave a large gap between the last input port visited before entering Island2 and the first input port visited when returning to Island1. What we would like to have instead is a contiguous slot assignment from the viewpoint of Island1. This is where akka.stream.impl.PhasedFusingActorMaterializer and its akka.stream.impl.IslandTracking helper comes into the picture. These classes do the heavy-lifting of traversing the traversal and then mapping global slots to slots local to the island, delegating then the local wiring to akka.stream.impl.PhaseIsland implementations. For example the akka.stream.impl.GraphStageIsland sees only a contigous slot-space and hence it can directly construct the array for the interpreter. It is not aware of the presence of other islands or how it is represented in the global slot-space.

    Materialization

    Materialzation is orchestrated by the akka.stream.impl.PhasedFusingActorMaterializer. It basically decodes the traversal and handles islands. This top-level materializer does not really handle the wiring _inside_ an island, it only handles wiring of Publishers and Subscribers that connect islands. Instead it delegates in-island wiring to akka.stream.impl.PhaseIslands. For example a default fused island will be actually wired by akka.stream.impl.GraphStageIsland.

    First, look at a traversal that has two islands:

    |----Island1-----|----Island2(enclosed)----|-----Island1-----|

    In this traversal, we have two islands, and three, so called _segments_. Segments are simply contiguous range of slots between akka.stream.impl.EnterIsland or akka.stream.impl.ExitIsland tags (in any combination). When the materializer encounters either an enter or exit command, it saves various information about the segment it just completed (what is its offset, how long it is measured in input slots, etc.). This information is later used to figure out if a wiring crosses island boundaries or is it local to the island.

    It is important to note that the data structure for this is only allocated when there are islands. This is again the 90% rule in action. In addition, these data structures are java.util.ArrayList instances, where lookups according to some value are implemented as simple linear scans. Since in 90% of the cases these structures are very short, this is the most efficient approach. Cases where this can be a performance problem are very-very special and likely not happen in practice (no graph should contain more than a dozen of islands for example).

    When it comes to deciding whether a wiring is cross-island or local, there are two cases possible:

    * we encountered an output port that is wired backwards (relative address is negative). In this case we already have all the data necessary to resolve the question. * we encountered an output port that is wired forward (relative address is positive). In this case we have not yet visited that part of the traversal where the assignment points.

    If we want to keep the one-pass design of the materializer, we need to delay forward wirings until we have all the information needed, i.e. we visit the target in port. The akka.stream.impl.PhasedFusingActorMaterializer has a data structure for tracking forward wires which it consults whenever it visits an input port. Again, this is only allocated if needed, and it is again an array with linear scan lookup. Once the target input port have been found, the rules of the wiring are the same as for backwards wiring.

    backward wire (to the visited part) <------+ +------> forward wire (into the unknown) | | |----Island1-----|----Island2(enclosed)-------- ... (this is where we are now)

    Remember, the akka.stream.impl.LinearTraversalBuilder builds its akka.stream.impl.Traversal in backwards order, so since most of the graphs are constructed by the linear DSLs almost all wirings will be backwards (90% rule in action again).

    Backward wirings

    When it comes to resolving wirings and calculating the local slots for all the islands involved there are three distinct cases.

    A wiring can be in-segment:

    +--------------+ | | |----Island1-----|----Island2(enclosed)----|-----Island1-----|

    This means that the slot assigned to the output port still belongs to the current segment. This is easy to detect as the akka.stream.impl.IslandTracking class tracks the offset of the current segment. If the target input slot is larger or equal than this offset, and the wiring is backwards, then the wiring is strictly local to the island. The materializer will simply delegate to the akka.stream.impl.PhaseIsland to do the internal wiring. Since we know the offset of the segment in the local space of this island, calculating the local slot for the akka.stream.impl.PhaseIsland is simple. (This is fully documented with diagrams in akka.stream.impl.IslandTracking)

    A wiring can be cross-segment, in-island:

    +---------------------------------+ | | |----Island1-----|----Island2(enclosed)----|-----Island1-----|

    In this case, the target slot is in another, but already visited segment. The akka.stream.impl.IslandTracking class needs to first find the segment in which the target slot is. Since each segment keeps a reference to its akka.stream.impl.PhaseIsland instance that handles the internal wiring a simple reference equality check will tell us if the target segment is in the same island or not. In this case it is, so all we need is to compensate for any possible holes (punched by enclosed islands) to calculate the local slot for the island and call the appropriate callback on the akka.stream.impl.PhaseIsland. (This is fully documented with diagrams in akka.stream.impl.IslandTracking)

    Finally a wiring can be cross-segment, cross-island:

    +------------------------+ | | |----Island1-----|----Island2(enclosed)----|-----Island1-----|

    This means, that the steps were similar as in the previous case until that point where we check the reference equality of the current akka.stream.impl.PhaseIsland with that of the target segment (we have already found the target segment). In this case, we need to calculate the local slot in the target island (similar to the previous case) and try to wire the two islands together. Now, instead of delegating the wiring to the phases, we ask the output akka.stream.impl.PhaseIsland to provide a Publisher and then we ask the target island to take this Publisher.

    Refer to akka.stream.impl.IslandTracking for all the nasty details of local slot resolution. It is also recommended to try out a few examples with akka.stream.impl.PhasedFusingActorMaterializer.Debug turned on, it will detail every step of the island tracking and slot resolution steps.

    Utilities

    Useful utilities are:

    * akka.stream.impl.PhasedFusingActorMaterializer.Debug: if this flag is turned on, the materializer will log the steps it takes * akka.stream.impl.TraversalBuilder.printTraversal(): Prints the Traversal in a readable format * akka.stream.impl.TraversalBuilder.printWiring(): Prints the calculated port assignments. Useful for debugging if everything is wired to the right thing.

  • package javadsl
  • package scaladsl

    Scala API: The flow DSL allows the formulation of stream transformations based on some input.

    Scala API: The flow DSL allows the formulation of stream transformations based on some input. The starting point is called Source and can be a collection, an iterator, a block of code which is evaluated repeatedly or a org.reactivestreams.Publisher. A flow with an attached input and open output is also a Source.

    A flow may also be defined without an attached input or output and that is then a Flow. The Flow can be connected to the Source later by using Source#via with the flow as argument, and it remains a Source.

    Transformations can be appended to Source and Flow with the operations defined in FlowOps. Each DSL element produces a new flow that can be further transformed, building up a description of the complete transformation pipeline.

    The termination point of a flow is called Sink and can for example be a Future or org.reactivestreams.Subscriber. A flow with an attached output and open input is also a Sink.

    If a flow has both an attached input and an attached output it becomes a RunnableGraph. In order to execute this pipeline the flow must be materialized by calling RunnableGraph#run on it.

    You can create your Source, Flow and Sink in any order and then wire them together before they are materialized by connecting them using Flow#via and Flow#to, or connecting them into a GraphDSL with fan-in and fan-out elements.

    See Reactive Streams for details on org.reactivestreams.Publisher and org.reactivestreams.Subscriber.

    It should be noted that the streams modeled by this library are “hot”, meaning that they asynchronously flow through a series of processors without detailed control by the user. In particular it is not predictable how many elements a given transformation step might buffer before handing elements downstream, which means that transformation functions may be invoked more often than for corresponding transformations on strict collections like List. *An important consequence* is that elements that were produced into a stream may be discarded by later processors, e.g. when using the #take operator.

    By default every operation is executed within its own akka.actor.Actor to enable full pipelining of the chained set of computations. This behavior is determined by the akka.stream.Materializer which is required by those methods that materialize the Flow into a series of org.reactivestreams.Processor instances. The returned reactive stream is fully started and active.

  • package snapshot
  • package stage
  • package testkit
  • package typed
  • AbruptIOTerminationException
  • AbruptStageTerminationException
  • AbruptTerminationException
  • AbstractShape
  • ActorAttributes
  • ActorMaterializer
  • ActorMaterializerSettings
  • AmorphousShape
  • Attributes
  • BidiShape
  • BindFailedException
  • BufferOverflowException
  • Client
  • ClosedShape
  • CompletionStrategy
  • ConnectionException
  • DelayOverflowStrategy
  • EagerClose
  • FanInShape
  • FanInShape10
  • FanInShape11
  • FanInShape12
  • FanInShape13
  • FanInShape14
  • FanInShape15
  • FanInShape16
  • FanInShape17
  • FanInShape18
  • FanInShape19
  • FanInShape1N
  • FanInShape2
  • FanInShape20
  • FanInShape21
  • FanInShape22
  • FanInShape3
  • FanInShape4
  • FanInShape5
  • FanInShape6
  • FanInShape7
  • FanInShape8
  • FanInShape9
  • FanOutShape
  • FanOutShape10
  • FanOutShape11
  • FanOutShape12
  • FanOutShape13
  • FanOutShape14
  • FanOutShape15
  • FanOutShape16
  • FanOutShape17
  • FanOutShape18
  • FanOutShape19
  • FanOutShape2
  • FanOutShape20
  • FanOutShape21
  • FanOutShape22
  • FanOutShape3
  • FanOutShape4
  • FanOutShape5
  • FanOutShape6
  • FanOutShape7
  • FanOutShape8
  • FanOutShape9
  • FlowMonitor
  • FlowMonitorState
  • FlowShape
  • Graph
  • IOResult
  • IOSettings
  • IgnoreBoth
  • IgnoreCancel
  • IgnoreComplete
  • InPort
  • Inlet
  • InvalidPartnerActorException
  • InvalidSequenceNumberException
  • KillSwitch
  • KillSwitches
  • MaterializationException
  • Materializer
  • MaterializerLoggingProvider
  • OutPort
  • Outlet
  • OverflowStrategy
  • QueueOfferResult
  • RateExceededException
  • RemoteStreamRefActorTerminatedException
  • Server
  • Shape
  • SharedKillSwitch
  • SinkRef
  • SinkShape
  • SourceRef
  • SourceShape
  • StreamDetachedException
  • StreamLimitReachedException
  • StreamRefAttributes
  • StreamRefMessages
  • StreamRefResolver
  • StreamRefSettings
  • StreamRefSubscriptionTimeoutException
  • StreamSubscriptionTimeoutSettings
  • StreamSubscriptionTimeoutTerminationMode
  • StreamTcpException
  • SubscriptionWithCancelException
  • SubstreamCancelStrategy
  • Supervision
  • TLSClientAuth
  • TLSClosing
  • TLSProtocol
  • TLSRole
  • TargetRefNotInitializedYetException
  • ThrottleMode
  • TooManySubstreamsOpenException
  • UniformFanInShape
  • UniformFanOutShape
  • UniqueKillSwitch
  • WatchedActorTerminatedException
  • package testkit
    Definition Classes
    akka
  • package util
    Definition Classes
    akka
p

akka

stream

package stream

Ordering
  1. Alphabetic
Visibility
  1. Public
  2. All

Type Members

  1. final case class AbruptIOTerminationException(ioResult: IOResult, cause: Throwable) extends RuntimeException with NoStackTrace with Product with Serializable

    This exception signals that a stream has been completed by an onError signal while there was still IO operations in progress.

  2. final class AbruptStageTerminationException extends RuntimeException with NoStackTrace

    Signal that the operator was abruptly terminated, usually seen as a call to postStop of the GraphStageLogic without any of the handler callbacks seeing completion or failure from upstream or cancellation from downstream.

    Signal that the operator was abruptly terminated, usually seen as a call to postStop of the GraphStageLogic without any of the handler callbacks seeing completion or failure from upstream or cancellation from downstream. This can happen when the actor running the graph is killed, which happens when the materializer or actor system is terminated.

  3. final case class AbruptTerminationException(actor: ActorRef) extends RuntimeException with NoStackTrace with Product with Serializable

    This exception signals that an actor implementing a Reactive Streams Subscriber, Publisher or Processor has been terminated without being notified by an onError, onComplete or cancel signal.

    This exception signals that an actor implementing a Reactive Streams Subscriber, Publisher or Processor has been terminated without being notified by an onError, onComplete or cancel signal. This usually happens when an ActorSystem is shut down while stream processing actors are still running.

  4. abstract class AbstractShape extends Shape

    Java API for creating custom Shape types.

  5. abstract class ActorMaterializer extends Materializer with MaterializerLoggingProvider

    An ActorMaterializer takes a stream blueprint and turns it into a running stream.

  6. final class ActorMaterializerSettings extends AnyRef

    This class describes the configurable properties of the ActorMaterializer.

    This class describes the configurable properties of the ActorMaterializer. Please refer to the withX methods for descriptions of the individual settings.

    The constructor is not public API, use create or apply on the ActorMaterializerSettings companion instead.

  7. case class AmorphousShape(inlets: Seq[Inlet[_]], outlets: Seq[Outlet[_]]) extends Shape with Product with Serializable

    This type of Shape can express any number of inputs and outputs at the expense of forgetting about their specific types.

    This type of Shape can express any number of inputs and outputs at the expense of forgetting about their specific types. It is used mainly in the implementation of the Graph builders and typically replaced by a more meaningful type of Shape when the building is finished.

  8. final case class Attributes(attributeList: List[Attribute] = Nil) extends Product with Serializable

    Holds attributes which can be used to alter akka.stream.scaladsl.Flow / akka.stream.javadsl.Flow or akka.stream.scaladsl.GraphDSL / akka.stream.javadsl.GraphDSL materialization.

    Holds attributes which can be used to alter akka.stream.scaladsl.Flow / akka.stream.javadsl.Flow or akka.stream.scaladsl.GraphDSL / akka.stream.javadsl.GraphDSL materialization.

    Note that more attributes for the ActorMaterializer are defined in ActorAttributes.

    The attributeList is ordered with the most specific attribute first, least specific last. Note that the order was the opposite in Akka 2.4.x.

    Operators should in general not access the attributeList but instead use get to get the expected value of an attribute.

  9. final case class BidiShape[-In1, +Out1, -In2, +Out2](in1: Inlet[In1], out1: Outlet[Out1], in2: Inlet[In2], out2: Outlet[Out2]) extends Shape with Product with Serializable

    A bidirectional flow of elements that consequently has two inputs and two outputs, arranged like this:

    A bidirectional flow of elements that consequently has two inputs and two outputs, arranged like this:

           +------+
     In1 ~>|      |~> Out1
           | bidi |
    Out2 <~|      |<~ In2
           +------+
  10. class BindFailedException extends StreamTcpException
  11. final case class BufferOverflowException(msg: String) extends RuntimeException with Product with Serializable
  12. sealed abstract class Client extends TLSRole

    The client is usually the side that consumes the service provided by its interlocutor.

    The client is usually the side that consumes the service provided by its interlocutor. The precise interpretation of this role is protocol specific.

  13. sealed abstract class ClosedShape extends Shape

    This Shape is used for graphs that have neither open inputs nor open outputs.

    This Shape is used for graphs that have neither open inputs nor open outputs. Only such a Graph can be materialized by a Materializer.

  14. sealed trait CompletionStrategy extends AnyRef
    Annotations
    @DoNotInherit()
  15. class ConnectionException extends StreamTcpException
  16. sealed abstract class DelayOverflowStrategy extends Serializable

    Represents a strategy that decides how to deal with a buffer of time based operator that is full but is about to receive a new element.

    Represents a strategy that decides how to deal with a buffer of time based operator that is full but is about to receive a new element.

    Annotations
    @DoNotInherit()
  17. sealed abstract class EagerClose extends TLSClosing

    see TLSClosing

  18. abstract class FanInShape[+O] extends Shape
  19. class FanInShape10[-T0, -T1, -T2, -T3, -T4, -T5, -T6, -T7, -T8, -T9, +O] extends FanInShape[O]
  20. class FanInShape11[-T0, -T1, -T2, -T3, -T4, -T5, -T6, -T7, -T8, -T9, -T10, +O] extends FanInShape[O]
  21. class FanInShape12[-T0, -T1, -T2, -T3, -T4, -T5, -T6, -T7, -T8, -T9, -T10, -T11, +O] extends FanInShape[O]
  22. class FanInShape13[-T0, -T1, -T2, -T3, -T4, -T5, -T6, -T7, -T8, -T9, -T10, -T11, -T12, +O] extends FanInShape[O]
  23. class FanInShape14[-T0, -T1, -T2, -T3, -T4, -T5, -T6, -T7, -T8, -T9, -T10, -T11, -T12, -T13, +O] extends FanInShape[O]
  24. class FanInShape15[-T0, -T1, -T2, -T3, -T4, -T5, -T6, -T7, -T8, -T9, -T10, -T11, -T12, -T13, -T14, +O] extends FanInShape[O]
  25. class FanInShape16[-T0, -T1, -T2, -T3, -T4, -T5, -T6, -T7, -T8, -T9, -T10, -T11, -T12, -T13, -T14, -T15, +O] extends FanInShape[O]
  26. class FanInShape17[-T0, -T1, -T2, -T3, -T4, -T5, -T6, -T7, -T8, -T9, -T10, -T11, -T12, -T13, -T14, -T15, -T16, +O] extends FanInShape[O]
  27. class FanInShape18[-T0, -T1, -T2, -T3, -T4, -T5, -T6, -T7, -T8, -T9, -T10, -T11, -T12, -T13, -T14, -T15, -T16, -T17, +O] extends FanInShape[O]
  28. class FanInShape19[-T0, -T1, -T2, -T3, -T4, -T5, -T6, -T7, -T8, -T9, -T10, -T11, -T12, -T13, -T14, -T15, -T16, -T17, -T18, +O] extends FanInShape[O]
  29. class FanInShape2[-T0, -T1, +O] extends FanInShape[O]
  30. class FanInShape20[-T0, -T1, -T2, -T3, -T4, -T5, -T6, -T7, -T8, -T9, -T10, -T11, -T12, -T13, -T14, -T15, -T16, -T17, -T18, -T19, +O] extends FanInShape[O]
  31. class FanInShape21[-T0, -T1, -T2, -T3, -T4, -T5, -T6, -T7, -T8, -T9, -T10, -T11, -T12, -T13, -T14, -T15, -T16, -T17, -T18, -T19, -T20, +O] extends FanInShape[O]
  32. class FanInShape22[-T0, -T1, -T2, -T3, -T4, -T5, -T6, -T7, -T8, -T9, -T10, -T11, -T12, -T13, -T14, -T15, -T16, -T17, -T18, -T19, -T20, -T21, +O] extends FanInShape[O]
  33. class FanInShape3[-T0, -T1, -T2, +O] extends FanInShape[O]
  34. class FanInShape4[-T0, -T1, -T2, -T3, +O] extends FanInShape[O]
  35. class FanInShape5[-T0, -T1, -T2, -T3, -T4, +O] extends FanInShape[O]
  36. class FanInShape6[-T0, -T1, -T2, -T3, -T4, -T5, +O] extends FanInShape[O]
  37. class FanInShape7[-T0, -T1, -T2, -T3, -T4, -T5, -T6, +O] extends FanInShape[O]
  38. class FanInShape8[-T0, -T1, -T2, -T3, -T4, -T5, -T6, -T7, +O] extends FanInShape[O]
  39. class FanInShape9[-T0, -T1, -T2, -T3, -T4, -T5, -T6, -T7, -T8, +O] extends FanInShape[O]
  40. abstract class FanOutShape[-I] extends Shape
  41. class FanOutShape10[-I, +O0, +O1, +O2, +O3, +O4, +O5, +O6, +O7, +O8, +O9] extends FanOutShape[I]
  42. class FanOutShape11[-I, +O0, +O1, +O2, +O3, +O4, +O5, +O6, +O7, +O8, +O9, +O10] extends FanOutShape[I]
  43. class FanOutShape12[-I, +O0, +O1, +O2, +O3, +O4, +O5, +O6, +O7, +O8, +O9, +O10, +O11] extends FanOutShape[I]
  44. class FanOutShape13[-I, +O0, +O1, +O2, +O3, +O4, +O5, +O6, +O7, +O8, +O9, +O10, +O11, +O12] extends FanOutShape[I]
  45. class FanOutShape14[-I, +O0, +O1, +O2, +O3, +O4, +O5, +O6, +O7, +O8, +O9, +O10, +O11, +O12, +O13] extends FanOutShape[I]
  46. class FanOutShape15[-I, +O0, +O1, +O2, +O3, +O4, +O5, +O6, +O7, +O8, +O9, +O10, +O11, +O12, +O13, +O14] extends FanOutShape[I]
  47. class FanOutShape16[-I, +O0, +O1, +O2, +O3, +O4, +O5, +O6, +O7, +O8, +O9, +O10, +O11, +O12, +O13, +O14, +O15] extends FanOutShape[I]
  48. class FanOutShape17[-I, +O0, +O1, +O2, +O3, +O4, +O5, +O6, +O7, +O8, +O9, +O10, +O11, +O12, +O13, +O14, +O15, +O16] extends FanOutShape[I]
  49. class FanOutShape18[-I, +O0, +O1, +O2, +O3, +O4, +O5, +O6, +O7, +O8, +O9, +O10, +O11, +O12, +O13, +O14, +O15, +O16, +O17] extends FanOutShape[I]
  50. class FanOutShape19[-I, +O0, +O1, +O2, +O3, +O4, +O5, +O6, +O7, +O8, +O9, +O10, +O11, +O12, +O13, +O14, +O15, +O16, +O17, +O18] extends FanOutShape[I]
  51. class FanOutShape2[-I, +O0, +O1] extends FanOutShape[I]
  52. class FanOutShape20[-I, +O0, +O1, +O2, +O3, +O4, +O5, +O6, +O7, +O8, +O9, +O10, +O11, +O12, +O13, +O14, +O15, +O16, +O17, +O18, +O19] extends FanOutShape[I]
  53. class FanOutShape21[-I, +O0, +O1, +O2, +O3, +O4, +O5, +O6, +O7, +O8, +O9, +O10, +O11, +O12, +O13, +O14, +O15, +O16, +O17, +O18, +O19, +O20] extends FanOutShape[I]
  54. class FanOutShape22[-I, +O0, +O1, +O2, +O3, +O4, +O5, +O6, +O7, +O8, +O9, +O10, +O11, +O12, +O13, +O14, +O15, +O16, +O17, +O18, +O19, +O20, +O21] extends FanOutShape[I]
  55. class FanOutShape3[-I, +O0, +O1, +O2] extends FanOutShape[I]
  56. class FanOutShape4[-I, +O0, +O1, +O2, +O3] extends FanOutShape[I]
  57. class FanOutShape5[-I, +O0, +O1, +O2, +O3, +O4] extends FanOutShape[I]
  58. class FanOutShape6[-I, +O0, +O1, +O2, +O3, +O4, +O5] extends FanOutShape[I]
  59. class FanOutShape7[-I, +O0, +O1, +O2, +O3, +O4, +O5, +O6] extends FanOutShape[I]
  60. class FanOutShape8[-I, +O0, +O1, +O2, +O3, +O4, +O5, +O6, +O7] extends FanOutShape[I]
  61. class FanOutShape9[-I, +O0, +O1, +O2, +O3, +O4, +O5, +O6, +O7, +O8] extends FanOutShape[I]
  62. trait FlowMonitor[+T] extends AnyRef

    Used to monitor the state of a stream

    Used to monitor the state of a stream

    T

    Type of messages passed by the stream

  63. final case class FlowShape[-I, +O](in: Inlet[I], out: Outlet[O]) extends Shape with Product with Serializable

    A Flow Shape has exactly one input and one output, it looks from the outside like a pipe (but it can be a complex topology of streams within of course).

  64. trait Graph[+S <: Shape, +M] extends AnyRef

    Not intended to be directly extended by user classes

    Not intended to be directly extended by user classes

    See also

    akka.stream.stage.GraphStage

  65. final case class IOResult(count: Long, status: Try[Done]) extends Product with Serializable

    Holds a result of an IO operation.

    Holds a result of an IO operation.

    count

    Numeric value depending on context, for example IO operations performed or bytes processed.

    status

    Status of the result. Can be either akka.Done or an exception.

  66. final class IOSettings extends AnyRef
  67. sealed abstract class IgnoreBoth extends TLSClosing

    see TLSClosing

  68. sealed abstract class IgnoreCancel extends TLSClosing

    see TLSClosing

  69. sealed abstract class IgnoreComplete extends TLSClosing

    see TLSClosing

  70. sealed abstract class InPort extends AnyRef

    An input port of a StreamLayout.Module.

    An input port of a StreamLayout.Module. This type logically belongs into the impl package but must live here due to how sealed works. It is also used in the Java DSL for “untyped Inlets” as a work-around for otherwise unreasonable existential types.

  71. final class Inlet[T] extends InPort
  72. final case class InvalidPartnerActorException(expectedRef: ActorRef, gotRef: ActorRef, msg: String) extends IllegalStateException with Product with Serializable

    Stream refs establish a connection between a local and remote actor, representing the origin and remote sides of a stream.

    Stream refs establish a connection between a local and remote actor, representing the origin and remote sides of a stream. Each such actor refers to the other side as its "partner". We make sure that no other actor than the initial partner can send demand/messages to the other side accidentally.

    This exception is thrown when a message is received from a non-partner actor, which could mean a bug or some actively malicient behavior from the other side.

    This is not meant as a security feature, but rather as plain sanity-check.

  73. final case class InvalidSequenceNumberException(expectedSeqNr: Long, gotSeqNr: Long, msg: String) extends IllegalStateException with Product with Serializable
  74. trait KillSwitch extends AnyRef

    A KillSwitch allows completion of Graphs from the outside by completing Graphs of FlowShape linked to the switch.

    A KillSwitch allows completion of Graphs from the outside by completing Graphs of FlowShape linked to the switch. Depending on whether the KillSwitch is a UniqueKillSwitch or a SharedKillSwitch one or multiple streams might be linked with the switch. For details see the documentation of the concrete subclasses of this interface.

  75. class MaterializationException extends RuntimeException

    This exception or subtypes thereof should be used to signal materialization failures.

  76. abstract class Materializer extends AnyRef

    Materializer SPI (Service Provider Interface)

    Materializer SPI (Service Provider Interface)

    Binary compatibility is NOT guaranteed on materializer internals.

    Custom materializer implementations should be aware that the materializer SPI is not yet final and may change in patch releases of Akka. Please note that this does not impact end-users of Akka streams, only implementors of custom materializers, with whom the Akka team co-ordinates such changes.

    Once the SPI is final this notice will be removed.

    Annotations
    @silent()
  77. trait MaterializerLoggingProvider extends AnyRef

    SPI intended only to be extended by custom Materializer implementations, that also want to provide operators they materialize with specialized akka.event.LoggingAdapter instances.

  78. sealed abstract class OutPort extends AnyRef

    An output port of a StreamLayout.Module.

    An output port of a StreamLayout.Module. This type logically belongs into the impl package but must live here due to how sealed works. It is also used in the Java DSL for “untyped Outlets” as a work-around for otherwise unreasonable existential types.

  79. final class Outlet[T] extends OutPort
  80. sealed abstract class OverflowStrategy extends DelayOverflowStrategy

    Represents a strategy that decides how to deal with a buffer that is full but is about to receive a new element.

    Represents a strategy that decides how to deal with a buffer that is full but is about to receive a new element.

    Annotations
    @DoNotInherit()
  81. sealed abstract class QueueOfferResult extends AnyRef
  82. class RateExceededException extends RuntimeException

    Exception that is thrown when rated controlled by stream is exceeded

  83. final case class RemoteStreamRefActorTerminatedException(msg: String) extends RuntimeException with Product with Serializable
  84. sealed abstract class Server extends TLSRole

    The server is usually the side the provides the service to its interlocutor.

    The server is usually the side the provides the service to its interlocutor. The precise interpretation of this role is protocol specific.

  85. abstract class Shape extends AnyRef

    A Shape describes the inlets and outlets of a Graph.

    A Shape describes the inlets and outlets of a Graph. In keeping with the philosophy that a Graph is a freely reusable blueprint, everything that matters from the outside are the connections that can be made with it, otherwise it is just a black box.

  86. final class SharedKillSwitch extends KillSwitch

    A SharedKillSwitch is a provider for Graphs of FlowShape that can be completed or failed from the outside.

    A SharedKillSwitch is a provider for Graphs of FlowShape that can be completed or failed from the outside. A Graph returned by the switch can be materialized arbitrary amount of times: every newly materialized Graph belongs to the switch from which it was acquired. Multiple SharedKillSwitch instances are isolated from each other, shutting down or aborting on instance does not affect the Graphs provided by another instance.

    After calling SharedKillSwitch#shutdown() all materialized, running instances of all Graphs provided by the SharedKillSwitch will complete their downstreams and cancel their upstreams (unless if finished or failed already in which case the command is ignored). Subsequent invocations of SharedKillSwitch#shutdown() and SharedKillSwitch#abort() will be ignored.

    After calling SharedKillSwitch#abort() all materialized, running instances of all Graphs provided by the SharedKillSwitch will fail their downstreams with the provided exception and cancel their upstreams (unless it finished or failed already in which case the command is ignored). Subsequent invocations of SharedKillSwitch#shutdown() and SharedKillSwitch#abort() will be ignored.

    The Graphs provided by the SharedKillSwitch do not modify the passed through elements in any way or affect backpressure in the stream. All provided Graphs provide the parent SharedKillSwitch as materialized value.

    This class is thread-safe, the instance can be passed safely among threads and its methods may be invoked concurrently.

  87. trait SinkRef[In] extends AnyRef

    A SinkRef allows sharing a "reference" to a Sink with others, with the main purpose of crossing a network boundary.

    A SinkRef allows sharing a "reference" to a Sink with others, with the main purpose of crossing a network boundary. Usually obtaining a SinkRef would be done via Actor messaging, in which one system asks a remote one, to accept some data from it, and the remote one decides to accept the request to send data in a back-pressured streaming fashion -- using a sink ref.

    To create a SinkRef you have to materialize the Sink that you want to obtain a reference to by attaching it to a StreamRefs.sinkRef().

    Stream refs can be seen as Reactive Streams over network boundaries. See also akka.stream.SourceRef which is the dual of a SinkRef.

    For additional configuration see reference.conf as well as akka.stream.StreamRefAttributes.

    Not for user extension.

    Annotations
    @DoNotInherit()
  88. final case class SinkShape[-T](in: Inlet[T]) extends Shape with Product with Serializable

    A Sink Shape has exactly one input and no outputs, it models a data sink.

  89. trait SourceRef[T] extends AnyRef

    A SourceRef allows sharing a "reference" with others, with the main purpose of crossing a network boundary.

    A SourceRef allows sharing a "reference" with others, with the main purpose of crossing a network boundary. Usually obtaining a SourceRef would be done via Actor messaging, in which one system asks a remote one, to share some data with it, and the remote one decides to do so in a back-pressured streaming fashion -- using a stream ref.

    To create a SourceRef you have to materialize the Source that you want to obtain a reference to by attaching it to a Sink.sourceRef.

    Stream refs can be seen as Reactive Streams over network boundaries. See also akka.stream.SinkRef which is the dual of a SourceRef.

    For additional configuration see reference.conf as well as akka.stream.StreamRefAttributes.

    Not for user extension.

    Annotations
    @DoNotInherit()
  90. final case class SourceShape[+T](out: Outlet[T]) extends Shape with Product with Serializable

    A Source Shape has exactly one output and no inputs, it models a source of data.

  91. final class StreamDetachedException extends RuntimeException with NoStackTrace

    This exception signals that materialized value is already detached from stream.

    This exception signals that materialized value is already detached from stream. This usually happens when stream is completed and an ActorSystem is shut down while materialized object is still available.

  92. class StreamLimitReachedException extends RuntimeException
  93. final class StreamRefMessages extends AnyRef
  94. trait StreamRefResolver extends Extension

    The stream ref resolver provides a way to serialize and deserialize streamrefs in user serializers.

    The stream ref resolver provides a way to serialize and deserialize streamrefs in user serializers.

    Not for user extension

    Annotations
    @DoNotInherit()
  95. trait StreamRefSettings extends AnyRef

    Settings specific to SourceRef and SinkRef.

    Settings specific to SourceRef and SinkRef. More detailed documentation about each of the settings is available in reference.conf.

    Annotations
    @DoNotInherit()
  96. final case class StreamRefSubscriptionTimeoutException(msg: String) extends IllegalStateException with Product with Serializable
  97. final class StreamSubscriptionTimeoutSettings extends AnyRef

    Leaked publishers and subscribers are cleaned up when they are not used within a given deadline, configured by StreamSubscriptionTimeoutSettings.

  98. sealed abstract class StreamSubscriptionTimeoutTerminationMode extends AnyRef

    This mode describes what shall happen when the subscription timeout expires for substream Publishers created by operations like prefixAndTail.

  99. class StreamTcpException extends RuntimeException with NoStackTrace
  100. sealed abstract class SubstreamCancelStrategy extends AnyRef

    Represents a strategy that decides how to deal with substream events.

  101. sealed abstract class TLSClientAuth extends AnyRef

    An SSLEngine can either demand, allow or ignore its peer’s authentication (via certificates), where Need will fail the handshake if the peer does not provide valid credentials, Want allows the peer to send credentials and verifies them if provided, and None disables peer certificate verification.

    An SSLEngine can either demand, allow or ignore its peer’s authentication (via certificates), where Need will fail the handshake if the peer does not provide valid credentials, Want allows the peer to send credentials and verifies them if provided, and None disables peer certificate verification.

    See the documentation for SSLEngine::setWantClientAuth for more information.

  102. sealed abstract class TLSClosing extends AnyRef

    All streams in Akka are unidirectional: while in a complex flow graph data may flow in multiple directions these individual flows are independent from each other.

    All streams in Akka are unidirectional: while in a complex flow graph data may flow in multiple directions these individual flows are independent from each other. The difference between two half-duplex connections in opposite directions and a full-duplex connection is that the underlying transport is shared in the latter and tearing it down will end the data transfer in both directions.

    When integrating a full-duplex transport medium that does not support half-closing (which means ending one direction of data transfer without ending the other) into a stream topology, there can be unexpected effects. Feeding a finite Source into this medium will close the connection after all elements have been sent, which means that possible replies may not be received in full. To support this type of usage, the sending and receiving of data on the same side (e.g. on the Client) need to be coordinated such that it is known when all replies have been received. Only then should the transport be shut down.

    To support these scenarios it is recommended that the full-duplex transport integration is configurable in terms of termination handling, which means that the user can optionally suppress the normal (closing) reaction to completion or cancellation events, as is expressed by the possible values of this type:

    • EagerClose means to not ignore signals
    • IgnoreCancel means to not react to cancellation of the receiving side unless the sending side has already completed
    • IgnoreComplete means to not react to the completion of the sending side unless the receiving side has already canceled
    • IgnoreBoth means to ignore the first termination signal—be that cancellation or completion—and only act upon the second one
  103. sealed abstract class TLSRole extends AnyRef
  104. final case class TargetRefNotInitializedYetException() extends IllegalStateException with Product with Serializable
  105. sealed abstract class ThrottleMode extends AnyRef

    Represents a mode that decides how to deal exceed rate for Throttle operator

  106. final class TooManySubstreamsOpenException extends IllegalStateException with NoStackTrace

    This exception signals that the maximum number of substreams declared has been exceeded.

    This exception signals that the maximum number of substreams declared has been exceeded. A finite limit is imposed so that memory usage is controlled.

  107. class UniformFanInShape[-T, +O] extends FanInShape[O]
  108. class UniformFanOutShape[-I, +O] extends FanOutShape[I]
  109. final class UniqueKillSwitch extends KillSwitch

    A UniqueKillSwitch is always a result of a materialization (unlike SharedKillSwitch which is constructed before any materialization) and it always controls that graph and operator which yielded the materialized value.

    A UniqueKillSwitch is always a result of a materialization (unlike SharedKillSwitch which is constructed before any materialization) and it always controls that graph and operator which yielded the materialized value.

    After calling UniqueKillSwitch#shutdown() the running instance of the Graph of FlowShape that materialized to the UniqueKillSwitch will complete its downstream and cancel its upstream (unless if finished or failed already in which case the command is ignored). Subsequent invocations of completion commands will be ignored.

    After calling UniqueKillSwitch#abort() the running instance of the Graph of FlowShape that materialized to the UniqueKillSwitch will fail its downstream with the provided exception and cancel its upstream (unless if finished or failed already in which case the command is ignored). Subsequent invocations of completion commands will be ignored.

    It is also possible to individually cancel, complete or fail upstream and downstream parts by calling the corresponding methods.

  110. final class WatchedActorTerminatedException extends RuntimeException

    Used as failure exception by an ask operator if the target actor terminates.

    Used as failure exception by an ask operator if the target actor terminates. See Flow.ask and Flow.watch.

  111. class FanInShape1N[-T0, -T1, +O] extends FanInShape[O]
    Annotations
    @Deprecated @deprecated
    Deprecated

    (Since version 2.5.5) FanInShape1N was removed because it was not used anywhere. Use a custom shape extending from FanInShape directly.

Value Members

  1. object ActorAttributes

    Attributes for the ActorMaterializer.

    Attributes for the ActorMaterializer. Note that more attributes defined in Attributes.

  2. object ActorMaterializer
  3. object ActorMaterializerSettings
  4. object Attributes extends Serializable

    Note that more attributes for the ActorMaterializer are defined in ActorAttributes.

  5. object BidiShape extends Serializable
  6. object Client extends Client with Product with Serializable
  7. object ClosedShape extends ClosedShape
  8. object CompletionStrategy extends Product with Serializable
  9. object DelayOverflowStrategy extends Serializable
  10. object EagerClose extends EagerClose with Product with Serializable
  11. object FanInShape
  12. object FanOutShape
  13. object FlowMonitorState
  14. object FlowShape extends Serializable
  15. object IOResult extends Serializable
  16. object IOSettings
  17. object IgnoreBoth extends IgnoreBoth with Product with Serializable
  18. object IgnoreCancel extends IgnoreCancel with Product with Serializable
  19. object IgnoreComplete extends IgnoreComplete with Product with Serializable
  20. object Inlet

    An Inlet is a typed input to a Shape.

    An Inlet is a typed input to a Shape. Its partner in the Module view is the InPort (which does not bear an element type because Modules only express the internal structural hierarchy of stream topologies).

  21. object KillSwitches

    Creates shared or single kill switches which can be used to control completion of graphs from the outside.

    Creates shared or single kill switches which can be used to control completion of graphs from the outside.

    • The factory shared() returns a SharedKillSwitch which provides a Graph of FlowShape that can be used in arbitrary number of graphs and materializations. The switch simultaneously controls completion in all of those graphs.
    • The factory single() returns a Graph of FlowShape that materializes to a UniqueKillSwitch which is always unique to that materialized Flow itself.

    Creates a SharedKillSwitch that can be used to externally control the completion of various streams.

  22. object Outlet

    An Outlet is a typed output to a Shape.

    An Outlet is a typed output to a Shape. Its partner in the Module view is the OutPort (which does not bear an element type because Modules only express the internal structural hierarchy of stream topologies).

  23. object OverflowStrategy extends Serializable
  24. object QueueOfferResult

    Contains types that is used as return types for async callbacks to streams

  25. object Server extends Server with Product with Serializable
  26. object SinkRef

    See full documentation on SinkRef.

  27. object SinkShape extends Serializable
  28. object SourceRef

    See full documentation on SourceRef.

  29. object SourceShape extends Serializable
  30. object StreamRefAttributes

    Attributes for stream refs (akka.stream.SourceRef and akka.stream.SinkRef).

    Attributes for stream refs (akka.stream.SourceRef and akka.stream.SinkRef). Note that more attributes defined in Attributes and ActorAttributes.

  31. object StreamRefResolver extends ExtensionId[StreamRefResolver]

    The stream ref resolver extension provides a way to serialize and deserialize streamrefs in user serializers.

  32. object StreamRefSettings
  33. object StreamSubscriptionTimeoutSettings
  34. object StreamSubscriptionTimeoutTerminationMode
  35. object SubscriptionWithCancelException

    Backported from Akka 2.6 to Akka 2.5.

    Backported from Akka 2.6 to Akka 2.5. This only includes the exceptions so that they can already be used in Akka 2.5 in a binary compatible way.

  36. object SubstreamCancelStrategy
  37. object Supervision
  38. object TLSClientAuth
  39. object TLSClosing
  40. object TLSProtocol
  41. object TLSRole

    Many protocols are asymmetric and distinguish between the client and the server, where the latter listens passively for messages and the former actively initiates the exchange.

  42. object ThrottleMode
  43. object UniformFanInShape
  44. object UniformFanOutShape

Deprecated Value Members

  1. object BindFailedException extends BindFailedException with Product with Serializable
    Annotations
    @deprecated
    Deprecated

    (Since version 2.4.19) BindFailedException object will never be thrown. Match on the class instead.

Ungrouped